How Traditional Farming Causes Deforestation

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Traditional crop and livestock production damages the environment, degrades rural communities, harms workers and compromises animal welfare.

Farming can have a positive and/or negative impact on the environment. This depends on the practices of the farmer. The impact can relate to soil, types of cultivation, water and uses of the land, to name a few. The effects can impact the air we breathe, erosion of the soil and wildlife habitat.

Farmers cut forests to provide more room for planting crops or grazing livestock. Often, small farmers will clear a few acres by cutting down trees and burning them in a process known as slash and burn agriculture.

''Agriculture is a major land use. Around 50% of the world's habitable land has already been converted to farming land. Overall, farmland covers 38% of the world's land area.''


Logging operations, which provide the world’s wood and paper products, also cut countless trees each year. Loggers, some of them acting illegally, also build roads to access more and more remote forests—which leads to further deforestation. Forests are also cut as a result of growing urban sprawl as land is developed for dwellings.

These three alternative methods require very little labour and in some cases crops can be grown with just two people. Aeroponics technology in particular is not only minimal labour but also it’s a more sustainable method of farming.

5 major effects of deforestation:

1. It harms wildlife and destroys their habitat.

2. It leaves a scar on the environment.

3. It contributes to the problem of climate change.

4. It causes soil erosion.

5. It affects the water cycle.

With the increasing disadvantages of traditional farming, the agricultural sector will benefit greatly from diversifying into alternative methods of farming such as hydroponic farming, aquaponic and aeroponic.

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